Text Detection Using OpenCV and PyTesseract

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Recognizing text from an image is easier these days because of the libraries like OpenCV and pytesseract . In this article, I will show you how you can implement simple text recognizer using python.

I am using python3.6 . Some required libraries are :

  1. OpenCV sudo pip install opencv
  2. Numpy sudo pip install numpy
  3. PyTesseract sudo pip install pytesseract; sudo apt-get install tesseract-ocr

Now let’s get to the coding part.

  1. Create a working folder and name it as you like
  2. Create a folder img inside working folder
  3. Create a folder temp inside working folder
  4. Put some test images in img folder
  5. Create a file detector.py and write some code

import cv2
import numpy as np
import pytesseract as tes
from PIL import Image
import os

def get_string(path):
    img = cv2.imread(path)
    #gray conversion
    img = cv2.cvtColor(img, cv2.COLOR_BGR2GRAY)

    #removing noise
    kernel = np.ones((1, 1), np.uint8)
    img = cv2.dilate(img, kernel, iterations = 1)
    img = cv2.erode(img, kernel, iterations = 1)

    #write noise free image
    cv2.imwrite("./temp/noise_free.png", img)

    #apply threashold
    img = cv2.adaptiveThreshold(img, 255, cv2.ADAPTIVE_THRESH_GAUSSIAN_C, cv2.THRESH_BINARY, 31, 2)

    #write again
    cv2.imwrite("./temp/thres.png", img)

    #run tesseract
    result = tes.image_to_string(Image.open("./temp/thres.png"))

    #remove created files

    return result

print("starting recognizing...")
#change name.png to actual image file name

That’s it. You are good to go. Now run it using

python3 detector.py

And you will see the detected text from image.

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